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Sorath ma 1 chouthukae |
Hukamnama sahib today is a blessing of Siri Guru Naanak Devjee Maharaj. Sathiguru jee is speaking to us today in Sorath raagini. Their shabad is in chouthukae - meaning each part of the shabad has four lines to it. Sathiguru Sahibjee begins the shabad,

Maae baap ko baettaa neekaa sasurai chathur javaaee |
To the mother and father baettaa neekaa - baetta means son, the son who is neekaa - who is virtuous, the son who follows what they say, the son who is obedient to them, the son who looks after the wealth of his father, the son who respects his mother and father. Maharaj sahibjee, Guru Naanak sahibjee tells us that maae baap ko baettaa neekaa - that son is pleasing to the mother and father. Sasurai chathur javaaee - to the inlaws; a chathur javaaee - what does this mean? Someone who is clever and wise. That person who can look after daughter. He is loved, he is respected, he is admired by his in laws. Guru Sahibjee goes on to explain,

Baal kanniaa ka baap piaaraa bhaaee ka ath bhaaee |
To the young kanniaa - to the young daughter baap piaaraa - her father is beloved. She looks up to, she depends upon her father. Bhaaee ka ath bhaaee - to a brother his other brother are very very loved by him, ath - meaning very respected. In punjabi brothers are called sajji bah - meaning right arm. So it is if the brothers are limbs of each other. Maharaj jee talks about all of these worldly connections, all of these worldly relations. Then Maharaj sahibjee, Guru Naanak Devjee says,

Hukam bhaeiaa baahar ghar shoddiaa khin mehi bhee paraaee |
When the command comes from Waheguru baahar ghar shoddiaa - then what happens, shoddiaa means to leave, the soul which is within this ghar -this body has to go baahar - has to go outside, has to leave. Hukam bhaeiaa ghar shoddiaa - the hukam has come, the command has come that this soul must leave this ghar, must leave this body and go baahaar - go outside, go into the next reincarnation. Khin mehi bhee paraaee - when this soul leaves the body, Maharaj jee says in a khin - in a second all of those relations, the relations of mother and father, the relations of in laws, the relationship of sons and daughters, the relationship of brothers - khin mehi - in a second all of tehse things become paraaee - means alien. Literally paraaee means in this case that all of those relations are cut through, all of those relationships are severed. Death comes and it cuts through all of these relationships. That relationship of brother to brother, that relationship of mother to son, that relationship of daughter to father, all of those relationships melt away. If you think about it, if someone is alive and we try to burn them their mothers, their fathers, their brothers, all of those relations they won't let us burn them. But when that human being dies, when that soul leaves, then we all get together, all of the relations and we put him/her on the funeral pyre. In a second, in an instant all of those things have been broken, all of those relationships have been broken. When our soul leaves it leaves by itself none of these relationships, none of these relations can help. Guru Arjan Devjee Maharaj tells us in Sukhmani Sahib:

jeh maath pithaa suth meeth n bhaaee |
man oohaa naam thaerai sang seha
aee |

On that path our father, our sons and daughters, our brothers cannot help us. O my mind in that place only the name of the Lord will be sang, will be with you. Guru sahibjee goes on to say,

Naam dhaan eisanaan n manamukh thith than dhoorr dhumaaee |1|
That person who follows his mind, who is manamukh, who doesn't listen to what the Guru says, that person doesn't engage in naam - meditating upon the Lord's name, dhaan - giving a tenth of his earnings as dasvandh, giving to the Guru's causes, giving to the causes of betterment of humanity, eisanaan - mentally, spiritually and physically he doesn't bathe himself to take away the dirt of those sins. Guru sahibjee says that person who hasn't engaged in naam, dhaan and eisanaan - that person who hasn't engaged in the meditation of the Lord, charity and daya - kindness, eisanaan - physical and spiritual cleanliness. Maharaj sahib jee says thith than dhoorr dhumaaee - within that person's than - within that person's body there is dhoorr dhumaaee - one interpretation of dhumaaee is fog of dhoorr - of dust. What is the dust? The dust is of ego, the dust of anger, the dust is of desires, the dust is of hatred. Within this body there is this cloud of dust. On another level Maharaj jee says, thith than - that body ends up dhummaaee - it also means to roll in the dhoorr - in the dust. How does that happen? When we are burnt and our ashes are collected, what happens to them? They are collected and scattered upon the earth, they are scattered into the water and they just roll back into the dust. That all that happens, Maharaj jee says. That body which was meant to meditate upon the Lord, that body is simply born, lives, dies and becomes dust. It is not used for what it's meant to be used for. Maharaj sahibjee says on the other hand what are the understandings of the Gurmukh? Guru Naanak sahibjee blesses us and Maharaj jee says,

Man maaniaa naam sakhaaee |
Those gurmukhs whose mind has maaniaa - whose mind has accepted, their mind has bowed down to, has taken on and has understood that naam sakhaaee - that through the grace of the Guru only the Naam - only the name of the Lord is the true relation, sakhaaee - is the true friend.

Paae paro gur kai balihaarai jin saachee boojh bujhaaee | rehaao |

Where does this understanding come from? Maharaj jee says this understanding comes from the Guru. Paae paro - I fall again and again at the Guru's feet, gur kai balihaarai - bal meaning power, strength, harai meaning to surrender. When you surrender all your strength to the Guru, when you say I have no wisdom O Maharaj jee, I have no jap tap - I have no penance or austerities, Maharaj sahibjee I have no intellect, Maharaj sahibjee I am nothing, when you fall at the feet of the Guru, when you accept the Guru's sharan - the Guru's protection, then what happens? Jin saachee boojh bujhaaee - then the Guru gives you understanding of truth. Maharaj sahib jee, Guru Nanak Devjee says in Japji sahib:

guraa eik dhaehi bujhaaee |
sabhanaa jeeaa kaa eik dhaathaa so mai visar n jaaee |5|

Pae paro Gur kai balihaaree -Maharaj jee says fall at the Guru's feet and do this feet and do this ardhaas, Guraa - O Guru Sahibjee, O Great Lord, eik dhaehi bujhaaee - please give me the understanding of that One Lord, of that Eioangkaar. Sabhanaa jeeaa kaa eik dhaathaa - let me understand that there is one Lord pervading through all, so mai visar na jaaee - may I never forget that. Maharaj sahibjee says fall to the Guru's feet, surrender all of your wisdom, all of your wealth, all of your intellect to the Guru and say that you have nothing. Go in front of the Guru and do ardhaas like Guru Arjan Devjee says:

jap thap sanjam dharam n kamaaeiaa |
saevaa saadh n jaaniaa har raaeiaa |
kahu naanak ham neech karanmaa |
saran parae kee raakhahu saramaa |2|4|
I haven't lived my life righteously, I have no jap tap - I have no penance or austerities. Saevaa saadh n jaaniaa har raaeiaa - I don't know how to perform the service of the Lord. Kahu naanak ham neech karanmaa - Maharaj sahibjee says that my karam, my fortunes are lowly. Saran parae kee raakhahu saramaa - just save me, I fall onto Your feet. That is the way to get saachee boojh - the true understanding. Rehaao - pause and think about this.

Jag sio jhooth preeth man baedhiaa jan sio vaadh rachaaee |

Maharaj sahibjee says jag sio jhooth preeth - with this world we have jhooth preeth - we have false love for this world, for material gains. Man baedhiaa - our mind is pierced through with this false love of the world. What does pierced through mean? What does baedhiaa mean? To pierce through means to pierce through the centre of something. What is the centre of our mind, what is the centre of our attention? As we always say in English centre of attention. The centre of attention is always material gain, is always this world. Maharaj jee says that that is jhooth preeth - that's false love. Jan sio vaadh rachaae - When we are ego centred we are not God centred. Maharaj jee is telling us that when we have that ego centric, that maya centric, that mind which is always revolving around illusion, jan sio vaadh rachaaee - then we even have arguments with the humble servants of the Lord. That when we say O what is the point of listening to keertan? What is the people of doing simran like these people say. There's no point. That's when we have arguments with the jan. They are only arguments with the beloved of the Lord. We only have those arguments, those excuses and those falling outs with the humble beings when we are in the entanglement of this jhooth preeth, of this false love. Maharaj jee goes on to tell us,

Maaeiaa magan ahinis mag johai naam n laevai marai bikh khaaee |

We are magan - we are completely intoxicated by maaeiaa - by this illusion of the world around us, of this material gain. Ahinis - day and night mag johai - day and night we look to, we always walk upon this path of attachment. Naam n laevai - on this path of attachment we never laevai - we never meditate upon the name of the Lord. Maharaj jee says what's the result of this? Marai - we die, how? Bikh khaaee - by completely gauging ourself, by eating again and again poison. What poison is this? The poison of narcotics at one level, on another level poison of maya - the illusion of material goods, attachment if a poison, anger is a poison. These poisons kill us spiritually and physically. Maharaj sahibjee says,

Gandhan vain rathaa hithakaaree sabadhai surath n aaee |
We are ratha - we are completely imbued with hithakaaree - we have so much love fore gandhan vain - vain means those sounds, that speech which is impure, which is vicious, which is eating away at us. We always listen to slander which eats away at us spiritually, we always listen to those things which make our mind go into desire. Maharaj sahibjee says sabadhai surath n aaee - with the manmukh - being who follows his mind doesn't have surath -doesn't have consciousness, doesn't wake up, doesn't have the surathe - doesn't have the consciousness of the shabad. The consciousness of the manmukh never wakes up the shabad -sabadhai surath n aaee.

Rang n raathaa ras nehee baedhiaa manamukh path gavaaee |2|
Maharaj sahib jee says that the one who follows his mind, rang n raathaa - is not colored in the love of God, ras nehee baedhiaa - is not pierced through by the essence of the Naam, the ras of the naam, the pleasure of God's name, why? Because our mind is pierced through at the moment with worldly pleasures and we have to change this in order to have the naam, the pleasure of God's name. Maharaj sahibjee says that our mind is not pierced through by the pleasure of God's name, the ras of God's name. Manamukh path gavaaee - in this way the one who follows his mind loses all respect, loses all honour.

Saadh sabhaa mehi sehaj n chaakhiaa jihabaa ras nehee raaee |
In the sabhaa - in the company of the saints sehaj n chaakhiaa - that being doesn't chaakhiaa - doesn't taste the essence of sehaj - the essence of complete spiritual peace. Jihabaa ras nehee raaee - because of this, because of not going into the sangat Maharaj sahibjee says that jihabaa - upon that being's tongue who follows his mind there is no ras, there is no sweetness on their tongue. Whenever they speak it's always full of anger, its always full of curses for others. Upon our tongue we don't have the ras of naam. We don't have the essence, the sweetness of God's name. The Gurmukh piaare forever and ever, by meditating upon Waheguru, their tongue is sweetened by God's name. But those who follow their mind they don't experience this sweetness. Maharaj jee says,

Man than dhan apunaa kar jaaniaa dhar kee khabar n paaee |
We have known, we have called our man - our mind, the than - the body and the dhan - the wealth; the mind within this body, the wealth which is gathered together by this body - we've said that this is ours, this all belongs to me. In this ego, in this attachment, in this blindness dhar kee khabar n paaee - Maharaj sahibjee says that manamukh - the one who follows his/her mind doesn't have the khabar - doesn't find the knowledge of the dar - of the door of the Lord. What does this mean? That those of us who are engaged in ego we never wake up and have the knowledge of the sangat, we never go into the sangat. Why? Because we are too much attached to our mind, to our body, to our wealth. We think what is the point of going into the sangat. We do not have that knowledge, we do not have that awakening into the sangat. Maharaj sahibjee says,

Akhee meett chaliaa andhiaaraa ghar dhar dhisai n bhaaee |
When we close our eyes, what does that mean? When we die - akhee meett chaliaa - when we have to leave this world and our eyes close forever and ever and we go into the deepest darkness. Ghar dhar dhisai n bhaaee - Maharaj sahibjee says when you leave this world, if you've lived your life in the darkness of ignorance, Maharaj sahibjee says that at the court of the Lord then no one will say that O he was from this ghar, he was from this social status, he had this much money, this was his dar, this is how big his house was or he had this much, no! As Guru Naanak Dev jee Maharaj tells us in Aasaa di vaar: othe sache hi sach nibarae - only the truth is looked through then, only what we have done is looked through then when we go to the court of dharamraja - the court of righteousness. This line has another interpretation;

Akhee meett chaliaa andhiaaraa - we walk along with our eyes closed, andhiaaraa - this is the darkness. One type of darkness is when our eyes are open but there is darkness all around and we are looking somewhere for some light and we can't find any, that's one type of darkness. Second type of darkness is when we have closed our own eyes and Maharaj sahibjee says that the one who is following his mind he has closed his own eyes. Bhagat Kabeerjee puts this beautifully in one of their saloks: kaahae kee kusalaath haath dheep kooeae parai - what's going on here? hath dheep kooaea parai - in his hand the being has got a deep - a light but kooeae parai - but still falls into the well! Maharaj sahibjee is telling us that we've closed our eyes to the truth. The light is all around us, Guru is always telling us the truth but we close our eyes to the truth of the Guru. Ghar dhar dhisai n bhaaee - we do not understand the ghar - the true house of our being, where we are truly going to reside, in Akal Purakh, in Waheguru.

Jam dhar baadhaa thour n paavai apunaa keeaa kamaaee |3|
Maharaj sahibjee says that being is tied up to the dhar - to the door of jam - the angels of death. Thour n paavai - he never finds any rest, in this world always attacked by desires and in the next world by the jamdhooths - by the angels of death. Apunaa keeaa kamaaee - Maharaj sahibjee says to kamaaee - has to reap what they've sown - apunaa keeaa - of their actions. In this last part of the shabad, Maharaj sahibjee says,

Nadhar karae thaa akhee vaekhaa kehanaa kathan n jaaee |
If Maharaj sahibjee blesses us with nadhar - the glance of grace thaa akhee vaekhaa - then with our eyes we can see Him pervading through all, like Bhai Kanayia Jee walking through the Hindu, Sikh and Muslim soldiers and seeing Wahegurujee, seeing Sathgurujee, seeing Guru Gobind Singh Jee Maharaj looking back through all of their eyes. But Maharaj jee says kehanaa kathan n jaaee - this avasthaa - this state of being cannot be put into words, cannot be put into kathan - cannot be put into description.

Kannee sun sun sabadh salaahee anmrith ridhai vasaaee |
What happens in this avasthaa - this state of being? Kannee sun sun sabadh salaahee - those Gurmukh piaaree say that may I continually sun sun - listen again and again with my ears to the shabad and with my tongue may I sing the praises of the shabad - the word of the Lord. Anmrith ridhai vasaaee - may I embed within my heart the immortal nectar of God's name. That is the avastha - that is the state of being.

Nirabho nirankaar niravair pooran joth samaaee |
If we ask Guru Sahibjee what is God like? Guru sahibjee says God is nirabho - completely fearless, nirankaar - beyond all forms, niravair - without any enmity, doesn't see anyone as an enemy. Pooran joth samaaee - That Wahegurujee's joth - that Wahegurujee's light is pervading through all. Maharaj sahibjee says that those Gurmukh piaree who reach this avastha they samaaee - they merge into this pooran joth. Guru Gobind Singh Jee Maharaj tells us,

Pooran joth jagai ghatt mai thab khaalas thaahi nakhaalas jaanai |

The true purity comes through merging into this light, this pooran joth, this perfect light.

Naanak gur vin bharam n bhaagai sach naam vaddiaaee |4|3|
Without the Guru our doubts, our bharams cannot bhaagai - cannot be dispelled, cannot be taken away. Only through Guru, only through Gurprasad as Guru sahibjee tells us in their bani, through the Guruprasad bharam ka naas - doubts are destroyed. How are the doubts destroyed? When Guru Sahibjee gives us the vadeai - the glory of Sach naam - that true name, that eternal name of the Lord. Only through meditating upon the name of the Lord, only through meditating upon the glory of the Lord can this bharam, can these doubts be removed. That is only found throught the Gurprasad - through the Guru's Grace.

Nirabho nirankaar niravair pooran joth samaaee |
Naanak gur vin bharam n bhaagai sach naam vaddiaaee |4|3|

Waheguru jee ka Khalsa, Waheguru jee ki Fateh!


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